At the Battle of Soissons (486) he established his military dominance of the rump state of the fragmenting Western Roman Empire which was then under the command of Syagrius. According to Gregory of Tours, following the battle, the Byzantine Emperor Anastasius I granted Clovis the title of consul. Upon Clovis’s death, he divided his kingdom among his four surviving sons. [45]:140 This shrine had a statue and a number of epitaphs and was probably where the veneration of St. Clovis began. Clovis (reigned 481/482–511), the son of Childeric, unified Gaul with the exception of areas in the southeast. He is widely regarded as the originator of the French nation. Clovis I, (born c. 466—died November 27, 511, Paris, France), king of the Franks and ruler of much of Gaul from 481 to 511, a key period during the transformation of the Roman Empire into Europe. Clovis incurred loss of $1.81 per share in the fourth quarter of 2019, wider than the Zacks Consensus Estimate of a loss of $1.61. These two Christian belief systems represent a theological power struggle within the Christian community during the transformation period. A millennium and a half later he remains significant. You’ve got the dates marked on your calendar for your regular Clovis dental cleanings- but you still might be questioning why these trips to your dentist are so important. His conversion to Catholicism was that of one man, not that of his kingdom, but it can be seen as pivotal in Frankish history. Only Chlotar, who outlived his brothers, ruled a united kingdom, but he in turn divided it among his sons. In both cases, an unexpected victory in battle led a king to trust the power of the Christian God and to submit to baptism. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Clovis’ conversion into Catholicism was that of one man and not of his kingdom, but it holds great importance in Frankish history. His name in Frankish was Chlodovec. Childeric I, Clovis's father, was reputed to be a relative of Chlodio, and was known as the king of the Franks that fought as an army within northern Gaul. Much was written about Clovis by Gregory of Tours in his Histories (often called the History of the Franks), which appeared more than 50 years after Clovis’s death. His band of warriors probably numbered no more than half a thousand. Kaiser, Reinhold (2004) "Das römische Erbe und das Merowingerreich", in: This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 18:51. Armonici assisted him in defeating the Visigothic kingdom of Toulouse in the Battle of Vouillé in 507, eliminating Visigothic power in Gaul. [14], In 500 or 501 the relationship between the Burgundian brothers took the turn to the worse began scheming against his brother. Georg Franz, 1854. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Detracting, perhaps, from this legacy, is his aforementioned division of the state. The dates of Clovis vary from region to region. When Clovis finally converted, he becomes for Gregory a “new Constantine,” the emperor who Christianized the Roman Empire in the early 4th century. So did the culture that created them. Thirty years later Clovis was buried next to his contemporary St. Geneviève in the Church of the Holy Apostles that he built in Paris, and he was joined years later by his wife, St. Clotilda. Cousin. In the interpretatio romana, Saint Gregory of Tours gave the Germanic gods that Clovis abandoned the names of roughly equivalent Roman gods, such as Jupiter and Mercury. [14], Prior to the battle, Clovis did not enjoy the support of the Gallo-Roman clergy, hence he proceeded to pillage the Roman territory, including the churches. [39] To the French people, he is the founder of France. Ancient people of North America’s Clovis culture migrated to South America roughly 11,000 years ago, then mysteriously vanished, researchers have discovered. In 463 he fought in conjunction with Aegidius, the magister militum of northern Gaul, to defeat the Visigoths in Orléans. Clovis was eager to subdue the political threat to his realm and crossed to the Burgundian territory. von Chlingenberg, M. Das Königreich Bayern in seinem alterthümlichen, geschichtlichen, artistischen und malerischen Schönheiten, in einer Reihe von Stahlstichen mit begleitendem Texte. He has also affected the way leadership of people was seen and how it was influenced. The Arian heresy was the form of Christianity to which most Germanic peoples initially converted. The son of Childeric I and Basina, Clovis inherited the … • Further Reading • The most important source for the life of Clovis and the character of Merovingian Gaul is the History of the Franks by Gregory of Tours, written between 575 and 585 and available in several English translations. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, was a created being who did not share the eternal nature of God the Father but who was superior to God the Holy Spirit. This was the First Council of Orléans. Following his conversion, many of his pagan retainers had defected to Ragnachar's side, making him a political threat. [16] Despite his position, some Roman cities refused to yield to the Franks, namely Verdun‒which surrendered after a brief siege‒and Paris, which stubbornly resisted a few years, perhaps as many as five. 1 near Clovis, New Mexico in the 1920s and 1930s. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. His account indicates that prior to the battle, Clovis gave gifts to the church and made appeals to St. Martin of Tours, for which he was rewarded with victory, blessed with miracles, and honoured with an imperial consulship by Anastasius I. Statue depicting the baptism of Clovis by Saint Remigius. Clovis I, (born c. 466—died November 27, 511, Paris, France), king of the Franks and ruler of much of Gaul from 481 to 511, a key period during the transformation of the Roman Empire into Europe. Clovis reported total revenues of $143 million, up almost 50% year over year. The only stable organization was the Catholic Church. Although the chronology of his reign is imprecise, it is certain that by the time of his death in 511 he had consolidated the Franks and expanded his influence and rule to include the Roman province of Belgica Secunda in 486 and the territories of the Alemanni (in 496), the Burgundians (in 500), and the Visigoths (in 507). He bribed Ragnachar's retainers and soon, Ragnachar and his brother, Ricchar were captured and executed.[27]. When Clovis died, his kingdom was partitioned among his four sons, Theuderic, Chlodomer, Childebert, and Clotaire. [12], The ruler of Tournai died in 481 and was succeeded by his sixteen-year-old son, Clovis. A son, Theuderic, was born prior to the marriage; his mother is unknown. While he was not the first Frankish king, he was the kingdom’s political and religious founder. [30] Her persistence eventually persuaded Clovis to convert to Catholicism, which he initially resisted. Together the triumvirate marched against Syagrius and met the Gallo-Roman commander at Soissons. The best modern descriptions of the life and times of Clovis are The Cambridge Medieval History, vol. [10] The Franks of Tournai came to dominate their neighbours, initially aided by the association with Aegidius. The historical Clovis remains a shadowy figure: a warrior who solidified a kingdom, corresponded with bishops, and converted to Catholic Christianity. [53]:106[54]:101, St. Clovis had no known official canonisation, neither was he beatified, so his sainthood was only ever recognised by popular acclaim. Clovis is important in the historiography of France as "the first king of what would become France".[3]. Clovis’s life as a religious man illustrates the challenges then faced by the Catholic bishops and illuminates their concerns with evangelism. Clovis (Latin: Chlodovechus; reconstructed Frankish: *Hlodowig; c. 466 – 27 November 511) was the first king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the form of leadership from a group of royal chieftains to rule by a single king and ensuring that the kingship was passed down to his heirs. Clovis I was king of the Franks and ruler of much of Gaul from 481 to 511, a key period during the transformation of the Roman Empire into Europe. [50]:54 Following the example of the monks of St. Geneviève, St. Clovis' feast day in France was held on 27 November.

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