“Comprising a list . Remember, even though you see "comprised of" often (even in The New York Times) … Strict grammarians will never use "comprised of" in a sentence as it's not considered correct, just as "contained of" would be incorrect. Here are three common issues related to "comprise": (1) Do not use "of" with "comprise." Some people for whom English is a second language remain terrified with these two words, comprise and compose. Word Choice: Comprise vs. Compose. (Passive) Is Comprised Of, Is Composed of. In the second example, the usage of “composed of” means that the fruit punch cannot contain anything except apple and orange juice. http://www.syntaxtraining.com/products/heart/. I understand that you learned that the word “compose” goes from the parts to the whole: the parts compose the whole. The word comprise means "contain" or "consist of." Our wine team is formed of devoted wine lovers. The phrases "composed of" and "comprised of" appear in business documents daily, raising doubts in writers' and readers' minds. The subtle difference between these two forms often used in our industry is puzzling. composed of phrase. By: Jessica Lulka. BusinessWritingBlog has been helping you become a business writing expert since 2005. But that means the whole is composed of the parts. December 20, 2016 - The words comprise and compose are two of the most commonly misused terms in the English language. It’s common for speakers to say that a basketball team “is comprised of five players” instead of “is composed of five players.”. I am composed of/ comprised of 60% water. But what of when the word ‘comprise’ is used in simple present tense and it is rather followed by an adjective instead of a noun, say, “the team comprises highly educated people”? The highly efficient formulation is comprised of marble and fiber… ", Remember, even though you see "comprised of" often (even in The New York Times) careful writers use "composed of" and "comprises.". A lot of answers/replies are simply incorrect and misleading and “Garners Modern English Usage” is not a good reference source. For each item, you may correctly use either "is composed of" or "comprises. Define comprised. The correct version put forward by grammar guides is to used 'composed of' or 'comprises' such as 'the cake is composed … Drop us a line or let's stay in touch via : Subscribe for writing hacks, special offers and free stuff, © 2021 - Orpheus Technology, prowritingaid.com. Ten small boys and a dog comprised the street entertainer’s audience. We venture again into ambiguous territory, this time to take a look at the words ‘comprise’ and ‘compose’. At lunch today I read the following sentence in an advertising supplement in The New York Times: Our wine team is comprised of devoted wine lovers who are some of the most respected professionals in the industry. I think “compose” emphasize the parts formed whole, while “comprise”, “consist”, “contain” emphasize the whole having. The word compose means "make up" or "form." The most cautious route … Many inventors that write their own patent applications use the term “consists of” instead of the preferred term”comprises”. You have entered an incorrect email address! Could I understand from this that “Our wine team comprises devoted wine lovers.” can be also written as “Our wine team is comprised of devoted wine lovers.”? Unlike comprise, compose can be used both actively and passively in a sentence. ( 3) On the other hand, COMPRISE is not followed by OF. We know that “comprised of” is always incorrect so…. Comprise vs. Compose. comprise > verb [with obj.] Comprise can be a tricky word. “Our wine team comprises …” Much crisper. I appreciate this. More popular! So, we go from the “parts” (notes) to the “whole” (composition). I am not sure from your approach whether you are agreeing with me or not. You will find “comprised of” in dictionaries. Is it possible that you have misinterpreted what you learned in class or that it was presented incorrectly? The similar-sounding word compose means "make up" as in Many ethnic groups compose our nation. Comprise means to consist of or to be composed of. Following the guidelines above, It would be incorrect to say that the wine team is composed of devoted wine lovers because the sentence goes from the “whole” (the wine team) to the “individual parts” (the members). Comprising is considered non-exhaustive. The Pros And Cons Of Standard Vs Itemized Tax Deductions Taxes Parts compose the whole, and the whole comprises the parts. I hope people who are applying for patents use the words correctly. Knowing when to use comprise vs. compose can be confusing. ‘Comprise’ is a term so commonly misused that even dedicated pedants have pretty much given up on correcting people these days. I really like your blog. comprise OR be comprised of?. I have a large shelf of highly regarded style guides, which I consult frequently. It states “the whole comprises all the parts.”. English phrase. comprised of vs comprised. That variety helps me choose the right language in different situations. The Union industry is composed of three producers with factories located in different Member States of the Union, … © Copyright 2005 - Present | Critic Capital LLC | All Rights Reserved, Don’t Make Us Slog Through Long Sentences, Winning Intro Sentences for Resume Cover Letters, http://www.syntaxtraining.com/products/heart/. - gramática inglés y uso de palabras en "English Grammar Today" - Cambridge University Press – The committee is comprised of representatives from both the public and private sectors. Comprise vs. Compose. The fruit punch comprises apple and orange juice Paragraphs by diverse authors compose/comprise a single Wikipedia page. And that is precisely why it IS correct to say that the team is composed of wine lovers and the musical composition is composed of notes. In this blog, I typically explain what careful writers and editors prefer. While writing patents, my patent lawyer said that while “composed of” and “comprises” are both grammatically correct, they mean different things legally. ... Comprised of is an expression in English: X "is comprised of" Y means that X is composed or made up of Y. The trio comprised two violins and a cello. An example I learned: individual musical notes make a musical composition. : : However, the passive voice of … I am from Germany and your blog helps me writing business correspondence in English. I enjoyed reading this thread. Consist, comprise or compose ? From grammar studies and workshops I have taken as a writer, I was taught that compose goes from the “parts” to the “whole”. * {{quote-book, year=1913, author= , chapter=6, title= Lord Stranleigh Abroad, passage=The men resided in a huge bunk house, which consisted of one room only, with a shack outside where the cooking was done. Hello. Incorrect: The United States is comprised of fifty states. Server failure, Linux comprise 2020 data center management tips. As you can guess, I was focused on people testing their understanding, not on writing crisp sentences. Consist : (verb) ( 1) Be composed of something The committee consists of seven members. The similar-sounding word compose means "make up" as in Many ethnic groups compose our nation. I’m wondering what your opinion of this is, and I believe it is relevant to the question Steve M posted a few months prior. I looked up some dictionaries, and they say that “comprise” and “be comprised of” can be used in the same way. At this rate, it won’t be long before even pedants give up on the difference between “comprise” and “compose.” After all, “comprise” is frequently misused, particularly by people writing “comprised of” when they mean “composed of.”. Excellent! What about the phrases “is comprised of” and “is composed of?” One of these you can use and one of these you can’t use. Jump to navigation Jump to search. –The panel comprises experts from four industries. Alex, I agree that “of” is unnecessary and wrong. Why would anyone write “is comprised of” instead of “comprises”? I like your versions. Interesting idea! In “Part II: New Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors,” I find this entry (I have used capital letters for the book’s bolding): COMPRISE (not -IZE; avoid construction COMPRISE OF). Does the rule still apply without inclusion of the preposition ‘of’? How to Link Your Company to Your Customers. Synonym for composed of The prepositions ("of" and "by") change the meaning. The team is Joe Black, … or The team members are Joe Black, … It’s similar to the examples I shared above: –Our wine team comprises devoted wine lovers. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary So, we go from the “whole” (NIH) to the “parts” (departments). The team ____________ Joe Black, Andrea Rogers, and Rabin Gupta. Understand the difference between these terms, what they mean and the right way to use them To the Patent Office, these words (consists of vs. comprises) have very different meanings. An editor with a large database company is tussling with colleagues over the proper use of the words comprise and composed of. Add Comment. The new book has four sections. https://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/mpep/s2111.html#d0e200824. Here are more examples of comprise used correctly: Correct: Wisconsin comprises 72 counties. I hope that helps and if anyone has an issue with the above information, please take it up with Oxford University Press. To be comprised or contained (in). All Free. If we hold comprise strictly to the definition of to include or to consist of, then comprised of sounds awkward: The pie is included of 8 pieces sounds nonsensical, and, by that rule, so too does The pie is comprised of 8 pieces. (2) Avoid the construction "is comprised of." Thank you! While its use is common in writing and speech, it has been regarded by some language professionals as incorrect, stemming from the fact that comprise on … What is the difference between "quite" and "quiet"? I was trusting the source not my grammar radar. Comprises vs Iscomposedof. Our wine team is consisted of devoted wine lovers. English. Although comprised of is an established standard for 'being composed or constituted of,' it is often liable to criticism and scrutiny. Your test: Is the phrase "comprised of" correct, or should "composed of" replace it? comprised synonyms, comprised pronunciation, comprised translation, English dictionary definition of comprised. – The collection comprises 327 paintings. The play is comprised of three parts. Four slices compose the cake. Comprised or Comprised Of? Test yourself! Consist, comprise or compose ? How many spaces should you leave between words and sentences? I will follow your advice in this blog and try to become a careful writer. The forms comprise and be comprised of are virtually synonymous and can normally be used interchangeably.. comprise meaning: consist of, be made up of. So, the parts compose the whole, but the whole comprises the parts. The fruit punch is composed of apple and orange juice. On the other side, comprised of felt very wrong when I first read it and other times I have seen it, nice to know my grammar radar was spot on. Composed of and consisting of are considered exhaustive. For example, The National Institute of Health comprises 12 different research departments. Garner is an attorney and a renowned language expert. You may be interested in my book, “Business Writing With Heart.” You can learn more here: The panel comprises experts from four industries. It is composed of numerous elements with very different rules of origin, so technically, reducing customs tariffs is not as simple as we might think. Thank you for this reference. For example, if their invention is a new mixture, they may write “my invention consists of A, B, and C”. to include all; contain: ... from the dishes of which was composed, comprised everything the king liked and generally preferred to anything else. Thank you very much for your clarification. I just checked “Garner’s Modern English Usage” (2016). The sentence “Our wine team is COMPRISED OF devoted wine lovers who are some of the most respected professionals in the industry” cannot be simply switch to: Our wine team is COMPOSED OF devoted wine lovers who are some of the most respected professionals in the industry” because the sentences goes from the “whole” (the wine team) to the “parts” (the members). The benefits packages contains salary, …. I always enjoy your blog and email magazine. We could say the wine team comprises devoted wine members who are … or if you don’t like how comprises “sounds” in the sentences, use a synonym. The legal definitions of comprising, composed of, and consisting of are laid out in the Manual of Patent Examining Practice and Procedure. b.) Definition of composed of in the Idioms Dictionary. "Rocks are composed of minerals." I particularly agree with MaryHazel. Perhaps Fowler’s, another trusted resource, can help us. Word Choice: Comprise vs. Compose. Of is even used all by itself to mean composed of: "a ring of silver and gold". The benefits package ____________ salary, health insurance, and three weeks of vacation. . On the other hand, the American Heritage Dictionary reveals that “comprise” means “to consist of,” to be composed of,” “to include,” and “to contain” (8). a.) (Active) Hawaii is composed of eight main islands. Personally, I always use comprise, comprises or comprised in preference to: “comprised of”, or; “composed of”. The play comprises three parts. If you want to be correct in the eyes of discriminating readers, use "composed of.". Composed of ... comprised of; comprised of (something) compromise; compromise (on something) with (someone) compromise (with) (one's) principles; compromise on; The sentence is composed of/ is comprised of different parts of speech, including adverbs, adjectives, nouns, prepositions, and verbs. ‘The avocado salad was comprised of iceberg lettuce, tomato, onion and a whole sliced avocado.’ ‘Direct purchases by state and local governments now comprise nearly 10 percent of GDP.’ ‘Investors are out in force and Chambers estimates they comprise approximately 65 per cent of buyers.’ Fill in these blanks with correct words or phrases: Did you choose a phrase or a single word for your answers? The play comprises of three parts. Is it unnecessary to use ‘of’ here and should be “Comprising a list of 27 names….” or is this allowable? If we look to Merriam-Webster for the primary definition of comprise, we find: “to be made up of.” The first example sentence is: “The factory was to be a vast installation, comprising 50 buildings.” In other words, the whole comprises the parts. Please ask your patent lawyer for a legal source (a case or a style guide) that supports his or her view. Thanks for your important point and for simplifying those test sentences. On the other hand, comprises goes from the “whole” to the “individual parts”. “Is comprised of” is still considered incorrect by a fairly large number of sources. He makes no such distinction. For example, Eight main islands compose Hawaii. Comprised of is an expression in English that means "to compose or constitute". Comprise is often misused for compose. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. For each item, you may correctly use either "is composed of" or "comprises." Hello Lynn, What is the correct way to use negatives in a sentence. We use it as shown in the following example sentences: His country comprises fifty states and one district. Comprise means “to include” or “to be composed of.”. In other words, the hotel has or contains 150 rooms for guests. If we replace comprise in the original sentence with those definitions, we get: Our wine team is made up of devoted wine lovers. Your simple present tense example is correct: “The team comprises highly educated people.”. We cannot always replace comprised of with composed of. Verb (compris) To be made up of; to consist of (especially a comprehensive list of parts). A basketball team comprises five players. comprise . consists of; be made up of: “… the country comprises twenty states.”, Made up or constitute [a whole]: “… this single breed comprises 50 per cent of the Swiss cattle population.”, [be comprised of] “…documents are comprised of words.”. So, the parts compose the whole, but the whole comprises the parts.Strict grammarians will never use "comprised of" in a sentence as it's not considered correct, just as "contained of" would be incorrect. Dig Deeper on Writing for Business. Which sentence makes more sense: Content vs Comprises-vs-iscomposedof-whats-difference-0. CONSIST, when used in the said sense, is always followed by the preposition OF. If you follow their rules, you can be confident of your correctness. The argument against this phrase is rooted in the definitions outlined above. In the first example, the fruit punch contains apple and orange juice, but may also contain other juices. comprised of vs composed of : Common Errors in English. Be guided by its meaning "contain" or "consist of": Our wine team comprises devoted wine lovers. What does composed of expression mean? OALD, for example, shows the two examples: The phrase "comprised of" is never correct to usage purists despite its regular appearance in writing. Nevertheless, I did take it up with Oxford University Press by taking my copy of “New Oxford Style Manual” (2012) off my bookshelf. Perhaps you meant to type “is composed of.” If you did, both a and b would be correct–it’s your choice. Their slippery meanings and similar sounds have likely contributed to the rise of comprised of. ” is correct. Fuggi, you are welcome! Comprised vs Composed. Comprised of definition is - made up of. If you like the look and sound of comprise, you can still use it correctly. Compose vs Comprise As comprise and compose fall under the category of words that have similar meanings but differ in the way they are to be used we should pay attention to understanding the difference between compose and comprise. . Why? A complete search of the internet has found these results: comprised of is the most popular phrase on the web. This is especially pertinent to scientific writing, which frequently contains formulations. I don’t use just one source. I do not own a style manual that agrees with your argument. I am a little confused, and would appreciate your advice. Our Error Quests booklet contains 50 short paragraphs, each with just one error. Comprising of a list of 27 names, it points out that those who were involved in the act ought to be commended. Or are both correct? Nevertheless, in academic writing it’s worth making the effort to get these things right. The word “all” there seems pretty definitive. Know about the usage of Comprised of and Composed of in this video. Perhaps you will write in English more effectively than native English speakers. Comprise means "contain", as in The hotel comprises 150 rooms. Thank you very much for your helpful lessons. "To compose" means "to make up." For example, we could say that the United States comprises 50 states and that the 50 states compose the United States. Thank you for your article – Some people–language purists–try to maintain distinctions and rules about what is correct. When you use "comprise", you’re talking about all the parts that make up something whole. Language rules change. The usage is part of standard English, but the construction “comprise of”, as in “…the property comprises of three bedrooms, two bathrooms and one kitchen”, is regarded as incorrect. So use “comprises” instead and no one can object. Thanks for your comment. We almost always use composed of, and not composed from: We refer to something's makeup (composed, made up) with the preposition of, which has a standard meaning that includes composition. Which one is correct? To avoid a long and confusing explanation – you have two choices: comprises or comprised of. The highly efficient formulation comprises marble and fiber… or If you have one that does, please share the information. I believe this rule would also apply in the following example: Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Compose means to make up the constituent parts of. comprised of or composed of Although “comprise” is used primarily to mean “to include,” it is alsooften stretched to mean “is made up of”—a meaning that some criticsobject to. Yes, "composed of" is the correct form. –The trio comprised two violins and a cello. As per Oxford English Dictionary – Third Edition: USAGE Correct: The United States comprises fifty states. This usage of comprise—meaning consist of, be made up of—is not disputed. To be composed, formed, or made up (of). In most cases I would not use either “is composed of” or “comprises” in those sentences. vs. "This opera was composed by Wagner." Composed of = made up of Composed by = produced by (usually in the field of music) "The final grade for this class is composed of test grades, quizzes, and attendance." For example: How to use comprised of in a sentence. Can we just keep it simple and stick to the rules from a credible source please? ( 2) COMPRISE and CONSIST means one the same thing. However, good dictionaries typically include a usage note about “comprised of.” They explain that strict grammarians use only “composed of” and “comprises.”. The confusion around the two words even gave rise to the term comprised of which can be considered illogical given the definitions aforementioned above. comprise - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. With that definition in mind, let's replace comprise in the original sentence: Our wine team is contained of devoted wine lovers.

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