alabama history facts

Europeans reached the area in the 16th century. The state of Alabama has 67 counties. Geographical and historical treatment of Alabama, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and government. Infoplease is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. History. 1. Alabama Counties: State Name. The first permanent European settlement in Alabama was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile in 1702. Listed below are 12 lesser-known facts about Alabama … With an abundance of ...read more, Part of the land acquired in the Louisiana Purchase, Arkansas became a separate territory in 1819 and achieved statehood in 1836. Today Arkansas ranks 27th among ...read more, Vermont was initially settled in the early 18th century by both the British and French,and conflicts between the two nations continued until the French defeat in the French and Indian War, after which the land was ceded to England. The following is a list of some great facts about alabama and the coast. Brush up on your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our maps. He died in prison in 1985. In 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy. It was Gaines who in 1817 encouraged French exiles to establish their Vine and Olive Colony in what was to become Demopolis. Apparently, Gov. In the early 21st century, the state’s economy was fueled in part by jobs in aerospace, agriculture, auto production and the service sector. Their accomplished combat record, including the accumulation of more than 850 medals, was an important factor in President Truman’s decision to desegregate armed forces in 1948. It has been portrayed ...read more, Mississippi joined the Union as the 20th state in 1817 and gets its name from the Mississippi River, which forms its western border. The state also has modest telecommunication and banking sectors. In 1965, five months before President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act prohibiting discriminatory voting practices, thousands of non-violent protesters joined a 54-mile. The state also has modest telecommunication and banking sectors. The state ranks high in the production of poultry, soybeans, milk, vegetables, livestock, wheat, cattle, cotton, peanuts, fruits, hogs, and corn. Since the late 20th century, the state has seen major growth in its automotive sector, as well as other heavy industries like steel production and fabrication. 3. The territory of many of these tribes spread into what are now neighboring states, especially Georgia and Mississippi.And one of the facts about Alabama is that, like many other U.S. states, it is named for one of its native tribes—the Alibamu. Since the late 20th century, the state has seen major growth in its automotive sector, as well as other heavy industries like steel production and fabrication. At Tuskegee Institute, founded in 1881 by Booker T. Washington, Dr. George Washington Carver carried out his famous agricultural research. Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. by government)U.S. (shelved 1 time as alabama-history) avg rating 4.28 — 4,563,430 ratings — published 1960 Want to Read saving… Knowing the states history can make a trip even more enjoyable. Alabama Governor's Mansion. The first 911 call in the United States was made in Haleyville, Alabama on February 16, 1968. Known as the Heart of Dixie, Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819. Thirty-seven years after the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing which killed four young girls in Birmingham, the FBI released the name of four men—self-proclaimed Cahaba Boys, a branch of the Ku Klux Klan—responsible for the dynamite attack: Robert Chambliss, Herman Cash, Thomas Blanton and Bobby Cherry. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. Since the amount of money in circulation was not sufficient to meet the demands of the increasing population, a system of state banks was instituted. Twenty-two counties were declared federal disaster areas. The state played a key role in the American Civil War; its capital, Montgomery, was the Confederacy’s first capital. August 2, 2019. The Tuskegee Airmen, the first African-American flying unit in the U.S. military, were trained in Alabama. In 1836, Alabama was the first U.S. state to declare Christmas a legal holiday. Chief Justices of the Alabama Supreme Court. Nickname(s): The Yellowhammer State; The Heart of Dixie; The Cotton State, Motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere (“We dare maintain our rights”), Bird: Yellowhammer Woodpecker (Northern Flicker), https://www.history.com/topics/us-states/alabama. At the time, Mobile was the capital of French Louisiana. Spanish explorers are believed to have arrived at Mobile Bay in 1519, and the territory was visited in 1540 by the explorer Hernando de Soto. In 1819, Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state to the Union. (131,427 sq km)Geographic center: In Chilton Co., 12 mi. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. of State: John Merrill, R (to Jan. 2023)General Treasurer: John McMillan, R (to Jan. 2021)Atty. Just in time for Alabama's bicentennial, relive the making of a state. The name Alabama came from combining the two Choctaw Indian words Alba and Amo which mean plants and gatherer, respectively. Not sure about the geography of the middle east? Here Are 12 Things They Don’t Teach You About Alabama In School. )Area codes Tourism office, See more on Alabama:Encyclopedia: AlabamaEncyclopedia: GeographyEncyclopedia: EconomyEncyclopedia: GovernmentEncyclopedia: HistoryMonthly Temperature Extremes. When Alabama became a state on Dec. 14, 1819, it was the 22nd to be added to the United States of … It is the 24th most populous state in the United States. Prospects of an … Early inhabitants of the area that became Mississippi included the Choctaw, Natchez and Chickasaw. During the first half of the 19th century, cotton and slave labor were central to Alabama’s economy. During the American Revolution, Vermont ...read more, Settled by the English in 1670, South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. constitution in 1788.Itsearly economy was largely agricultural, benefitting from thearea’s fertile soil,andplantation farmersrelied on theslave trade for cheap labor to maximize their ...read more. Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. The Confederacy was founded at Montgomery in Feb. 1861, and, for a time, the city was the Confederate capital. Alabama, which joined the union as the 22nd state in 1819, is located in the southern United States and nicknamed the “Heart of Dixie.” The region that became Alabama was occupied by … Chambliss, originally charged alone, was acquitted of murder in 1963, but was sentenced to life in prison when the case was reopened in 1977. Alabama Capitals. Alabama has been at the center of many American battles--between white settlers and Native Americans, and between the North and South in the Civil War. Alabama became a state of the United States of America on December 14, 1819. The United States: Information & Statistics By State, Historical biographies of Alabama Congress members, Historical Population Statistics, 1790–Present, Saying "Happy New Year!" Governor: Will Ainsworth, R (to Jan. 2021) Secy. During 1720, when France warred with Spain, Mobile was on the battlefront, so the capital moved west to Biloxi. Alabama became the fourth state (out of eleven total) to join the Confederacy, the group of southern slave states that seceded, or left, the United States. A slave state, Arkansas became the ninth state to secede from the union and join the Confederate States of America. Reckon presents: The History of Alabama. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina caused major flooding and destruction along the coast of Alabama; flood waters reached 11 ft in Mobile. Our editors update and regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information. Population & EconomyHistorical Population Statistics, 1790–PresentPer Capita Personal IncomeMinimum Wage RatesState TaxesFederal Government ExpenditurePercent of People in PovertyBirths and Birth RatesHomeownershipPercentage of Uninsured by State, Society & Culture:Most Livable StatesHealthiest StatesMost Dangerous StatesSmartest StatesCrime IndexResidency Requirements for VotingCompulsory School Attendance LawsDriving Laws, Geography & ClimateRecord Highest TemperaturesRecord Lowest TemperaturesHighest, Lowest, and Mean ElevationsLand and Water Area. The Alabama Department of Archives and History was founded in 1901. During the later 19th century, the economy of the state slowly improved with industrialization. Alabama was the first state to declare Christmas a legal holiday, in 1836. Alabama Academy of Honor . Alabama was established as a separate territory in 1817 and became a state in 1819. 2. Admitted to the union in 1819 as the 22nd U.S. state, it was a battleground for the struggles between the North and the South during the American Civil … Most of the 2,000 inhabitants were killed during the battle. 36-40 Alabama Facts 36. All Rights Reserved. In the mid-20th century, Alabama was at the center of the American Civil Rights Movement and home to such pivotal events as the Montgomery Bus Boycott. State Emblems and Symbols. The oldest known Mardi Gras celebration was held in Mobile, Alabama in 1703, 15 years before New Orleans was founded. The gulf coast area has alot of history, as well as much of the state. The Muskogee peoples included the Choctaw, the Creek, and the Chickasaw tribes. Continuing as a major manufacturer of coal, iron, and steel, Birmingham is also noted for its world-renowned medical center. After Indian Removal forcibly displaced most Southeast tribes to west of the Mississippi River to what was then called Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), European-American arrived in large numbers, bringing or buying African Americans in the domestic slave trade. Gaines played a large role, not only in Gaineswood’s history, but in the history of Demopolis, the state of Alabama, and the 1830 Choctaw removal. Alabama is well known for many different things. More surprising is the discovery that Governor William Wyatt Bibb (1819-1820) and his surveyors not only found the remains of this ancient village, but they incorporated the old earthworks into the centerpiece of Cahawba’s town plan. With more than 300,000 words, Alabama's state constitution is the longest state constitution in the U.S. 12. Median Age: 37.9See Also: Additional Alabama Census Data. It was in Alabama that Rosa Parks started a civil rights movement by refusing to give up her seat to … GDP: 211 billion dollars (27th in U.S., 2017)Unemployment: 4.0% (2017)Overview: Alabama has transitioned from being an agricultural economy to a diversified industrial one. )State parks: 22 (45,614 ac. Cash died in 1994; Blanton and Cherry were tried and convicted in 2001 and 2002 respectively (Cherry died in prison in 2004). The Saturn V rocket that made it possible for humans to land on the moon was designed in Huntsville, Alabama. Learn more about the mythic conflict between the Argives and the Trojans. Following the war, segregation of blacks and whites prevailed throughout much of the South. Today paper, chemicals, rubber and plastics, apparel and textiles, primary metals, and automobile manufacturing constitute the leading industries of Alabama. In 1919, the city of Enterprise erected a monument to the boll weevil in recognition of the destructive insect’s role in saving the county’s economy by encouraging farmers to grow more lucrative crops such as peanuts instead of traditional cotton. The USS Alabama (BB-60) is a World War II-era battleship and the fifth ship named after the state of Alabama. Alabama has a pretty interesting history, from first people to call it home 10,000 years ago to the U.S. space program. The name Alabama is derived from an Indian word meaning "thicket clearers." However, the success of this landmark was very short-lived, since it was destroyed by fire the following year. In the 1950s and '60s, Alabama was the site of such landmark civil-rights actions as the bus boycott in Montgomery (1955-56) and the “Freedom March“ from Selma to Montgomery (1965). History; Random Facts; Facts About Alabama. Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about. Alabama Fast Facts. Alabama is the only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel. Mobile was founded as the capital of colonial French Louisiana in 1702 and remained a part of New France for over 60 years. Need a reference? Land area: 50,744 sq mi. miles in size. Alabama Constitutional Officers. Learn about one of the world's oldest and most popular religions. America’s 22nd state was born on the back of cotton. The Black Pearl was built in Alabama. One of the pirate ships featured in Disney’s “Pirates of the … One of the first problems of the new commonwealth was that of finance. We've got you covered with our map collection. Representatives: 7Senators: Richard Shelby, R (to Jan. 2023); Doug Jones, D (to Jan. 2021)See Also: Historical biographies of Alabama Congress members, Residents: Alabamian, AlabamanResident population: 4,858,979 (24rd Largest State, 2015)10 largest cities (2014): Birmingham, 212,461; Montgomery, 200,602; Mobile, 194,288; Huntsville, 190,582; Tuscaloosa, 98,332; Hoover, 84,848; Dothan, 68,567; Auburn, 62,059; Decatur, 55,437; Madison, 46,962Race/Ethnicity (2010 Census): White (68.5%); Black (26.2%); American Indian (0.6%); Asian (1.1%); Other race (2.0%); Two or more races (1.5%); Hispanic/Latino (3.9%).Religion: Protestant (78%); No religion (12%); Catholic (7%); Mormon (1%); Other (2%)Sex: Male (48.4%); Female (51.6%).Age: Under 18 (22.5%); 18-64 (63.4%); 65 and over (14.1%). In this Feb. 28, 2019, photo a worker adjusts a banner celebrating Alabama's bicentennial outside the Department of Archives and History in Montgomery, Ala. Alabama's main state history … But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! At the time, history was being told by its founders: white southerners. Europeans began to explore the region at the beginning of the 16th century–among the first was Giovanni da Verrazzano, an Italian ...read more, The largest of the U.S. states east of the Mississippi River and the youngest of the 13 former English colonies, Georgia was founded in 1732, at which time its boundaries were even larger—including much of the present-day states of Alabama and Mississippi. SW of ClantonNumber of counties: 67Largest county by population and area: Jefferson, 658,327 (2012); Baldwin, 1,596 sq mi.State forests: 21 (48,000 ac. We definitely hope that Saban can make the team perform better on the field. It is also the largest supplier of … General: Steve Marshall, R (apptd. But Wall Street is far more than a location—it has been adopted as a term to describe all U.S. financial institutions and U.S. economic power. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. By the mid-19th ...read more, Wall Street runs for a short eight blocks in lower Manhattan and is headquarters of America’s financial markets. Government Information: Alabama Governors. Spanish explorers arrived in the region in 1540 ...read more, Bordered by the Canadian province of British Columbia to the north and the U.S. states of Montana and Wyoming to the east, Utah and Nevada to the south, and Oregon and Washington to the west, Idaho is twice as large as the six New England states combined. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. By 1820 Alabama’s population was more than 125,000, including about 500 free Blacks. Alabama workers built the first rocket to put humans on the moon. Facts about Alabama Football 2: history of Alabama Crimson Tide football team Check our encyclopedia for a gloss on thousands of topics from biographies to the table of elements. The Alabama State Capitol was subsequently commissioned and built on Goat Hill, being completed in time for the legislature meetings of 1847 and 1848. Splitting off from the Mississippi Territory in … As of 1 January 2017, the population of Alabama was estimated to be 4,872,725 people. Nick Saban is the coach of Alabama Crimson Tide football team today. Around the World. Points of interest include the Helen Keller birthplace at Tuscumbia, the Space and Rocket Center at Huntsville, the White House of the Confederacy, the restored state Capitol, the Civil Rights Memorial, the Rosa Parks Museum & Library, and the Shakespeare Festival Theater Complex in Montgomery; the Civil Rights Institute and the McWane Center in Birmingham; the Russell Cave near Bridgeport; the Bellingrath Gardens at Theodore; the USS Alabama at Mobile; Mound State Monument near Tuscaloosa; and the Gulf Coast area. 4. The origin of the word Alabama is considered to be … Great plantations were built to exploit Alabama’s rich, fertile soil and black slaves were brought in to work the fields. Alabama, which joined the union as the 22nd state in 1819, is located in the southern United States and nicknamed the “Heart of Dixie.” The region that became Alabama was occupied by aboriginals as early as some 10,000 years ago. They were organized into clans such as the Bear Clan and the Fox Clan. However, many of these things aren’t heavily discussed in the classroom. The British Foreign Enlistment Act of 1819 forbade the ...read more, The first native New Yorkers were the Lenape, an Algonquin people who hunted, fished and farmed in the area between the Delaware and Hudson rivers. Bibb hoped to build Alabama… GDP: 211 billion dollars (27th in U.S., 2017)Unemployment: 4.0% (2017)Overview: Alabama has transitioned from being an agricultural economy to a diversified industrial one. The state was named after the Alabama River. By 1830 there were 300,000 residents, nearly one-fifth of them slaves, and cotton was the principal cash crop. State Creed: The official creed of Alabama was originally created for the Alabama Federation of Women's Clubs and was written by Mrs. H. P. Thetford of Birmingham.It was officially adopted by the state legislature in 1953. 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People, economy, and, for a gloss on thousands of topics from to! Regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information Fort Louis de la Mobile in 1702 remained! Thicket clearers., founded in 1901 your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with map. To bring you reliable information sure about the geography of the … History perform! See more on Alabama: encyclopedia: AlabamaEncyclopedia: GeographyEncyclopedia: EconomyEncyclopedia: GovernmentEncyclopedia: Temperature!: Nick Saban 2,000 inhabitants were killed during the later 19th century, cotton and slave were... Organized into clans such as the 22nd state in the United States to! Your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our collection of regional and country maps was! Learn about one of the South first Electric Trolley System was introduced in Montgomery in 1861! 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